Please note: You are unique and this is only a guide!

Some people may get better with a medicine but some may stay the same. Some may improve quicker than others. Some may get all the side effects in the book,others none at all. What happens to you will depend on your unique brain and your genes. However, this guide should help you to start to be able to choose between the medicines. There are many other ways you can be helped.

No guide can be 100% unbiased, but we have tried to stick to the facts aboutmedicines. We hope you take this guide in the way in which it is intended i.e. an honest attempt to inform, educate and help.

What the sections in the table mean: Medicine – these are the main medicines to help treat the symptoms of ADHD,and a few others that are sometimes used.

  • They are in no special order, although methylphenidate is usually first choice
  • We have listed them as their “generic name” (the name of the actualmedicine). We have also mentioned the trade name where possible. The XLtablets and capsules are different from each other, and not interchangable.
  • Not all these medicines work as well as each other. Your clinician may beable to help you choose which one (or ones) might be best for you.

Usual dose per day – this will depend on how well you do and what side effectsyou get. Some people need higher, some need lower doses. It is usually best tostart a medicine slowly; it’s kinder to your brain.

How we think it might work – this is how we think the medicine works in the brain. There is more about this on the website. Dopamine is one of the brain’s chemical messengers. It has many effects but helps the brain concentrate on something and to prevent it being distracted. Too much in other areas of the brain can cause over activity. Noradrenaline is another of the brain’s chemical messengers and helps motivation.Taking two medicines with the same way of working doesn’t often help much.

Please see the attached document for more information


The information we share is to help inform you, If you have any questions or concerns please discuss them with your nurse, doctor, other members of your care team or an advocate