Please note: You are unique and this is only a guide!
This guide will be about right for most people, but not everyone. Some people maybe able to stop alcohol easily, others find it much harder. Some may get all the side effects in the book, others none at all. What happens to you will depend on your unique brain, you and your genes. However, this guide should help you to start to be able to choose between the medicines. There are many other ways you can be helped e.g. talking therapies, help with the symptoms, relaxation, and self-help.No guide can be 100% unbiased, but we have tried to stick to the facts about medicines.
We hope you take this guide in the way in which it is intended i.e. an honest attempt to inform, educate and help.
What the sections in the table mean: Medicine – these are the main medicines to help treat alcohol dependence(once you have safely stopped) and a few others that are sometimes used.
- The first three are known to help stop or reduce drinking, thiamine helps the lack of vitamins, and other medicines may help some of the underlying reasons someone may drink e.g. social anxiety
- We have listed them as their “generic name” (the name of the actual drug)
- Not all these medicines work as well as each other. Your clinician may beable to help you choose which one (or ones) might be best for you.
- Some of these medicines might not be used in your area
Usual dose per day – this will depend on how well you do and what side effects you get. Some people need higher, some need lower doses. It is usually best to start a drug slowly; it’s kinder to your brain.
How we think it might work – this is how we think the medicine works. There is more on this on our website .
- Alcohol is broken down by the liver to a nasty chemical called acetaldehyde,
- which is then broken down to water and carbon dioxide.
- GABA is one of the brain’s chemical messengers. It calms the brain.
- Glutamate is another of the brain’s chemical messengers. It alerts the brain.
Please see the attached Document for more information